INSIDE..OUR DIFFERENT TYPES OF CELLS
 
 HEART ATRIUM CELLS
 HEART VALVE CELLS
 TENDON CELLS
LIVER DUCT CELLS
GALL BLADDER CELLS
       THESE MICROSCOPE STUDYS OF DIFFERENT FREEZE DRIED,ORGAN CELLS,
       BY DR.SANGER,SHOW US,OUR ORGANS,HAVE DIFFERENT SHAPE,STEM CELLS.
       THOSE STEM CELLS,HAVE A NUCLEUS,A GELATINOUS PLASMA,SMALL ORGANS,
       WITHIN A RADIATING,MICRO-TUBULAR FIBROUS STRUCTURE,WHICH CHANNEL,
       CELL REPAIR PROTEINS,FROM ITS NUCLEUS TO THE CELLS TINY ORGANS.
       A STEM CELLS,MICROTUBULAR INTERNAL STRUCTURE IS MADE OF SEVERAL,
       TYPES OF COLLAGEN and GELATIN,FIBROUS POLY-PEPTIDE PROTEINS WITH,
       ANTISEPTIC IRON,CALCION and SULFURATED MINERALS AT THEIR ENDS,THAT,
       HELP ORGAN STEM CELLS,TO REPAIR OUR INTERNAL ORGANS and NERVES.
 THE NUCLEUS,
ENDO'PLASM
and ORGANELS.
 ITS MICRO-TUBULAR,
INTERNAL STRUCTURE,
CARRYS PROTEINS TO,
OUR CELL ORGANELS,
   WHEN OUR BODY WANTS TO GROW A NEW CELL IT,...
    TELLS,THE BRAINS OF THE CELL, THE CENTRIOLES,...
   TO MAKE, WITH ITS CELL ORGANELS, (ORGANELLES)
  THE FOSFATES,CHROMATIN and PROTEIN STRANDS,.
 WHICH THE CELL,MUST HAVE TO GROW and DIVIDE..
ORGANELES IN THE INTERIOR OF A TYPICAL,STEM CELL,
ARE LOCATED WITHIN TUBULES OF KINESIN COLLAGEN
         
A TUBULAR POLYPEPTIDE,WHICH OUR BODY TAKES,
FROM CAULI'FLOWER,KIDNEY BEANS,BLACK BREAD.
 
   THE ISLES OF GOLGI, SECRETE LIPIDS, DIRECTLY INTO,
     A CELL'S NUCLEUS,WHICH IS WHY THEY ARE LOCATED,   
     AROUND THE NUCLEUS,LIKE THE PETALS OF A  FLOWER.
 A CELL'S CENTRIOLES
EACH CELL HAS TWO CENTRIOLES  <CLICK
ONE CENTRIOLE DIRECTS CELL DIVISION,
THE OTHER DIRECTS CELL GROWTH.
THE CELL'S NUCLEUS
IN THE CENTER OF OUR CELLS, 
THERE IS A NUCLEUS. AND IN IT, THERE IS,
A SMALL NUCLEOLUS.  IN THE NUCLEOLUS,
THERE ARE MANY, PLATE FORM NUCLEIC ACIDS,
THAT JOIN TOGETHER,TO CREATE THE GENES
WHICH TELL OUR CELLS, HOW TO GROW.
STRIATED SURFACE RETICULUM
 
THE NUCLEIC ACIDS ARE MADE IN,
THE LONG TAPERED,TUBULAR ORGANELS,
THAT RADIATE OUT FROM THE NUCLEUS,
ROUGH SURFACED RETICULUM
ARE THE WIDELY SPACED,TUBULAR ORGANELES
THAT FAN OUT AROUND and BEYOND THEM.
ALL THE COMPONENTS OF OUR PROTEIN
ARE MADE IN OUR CYTOPLASMIC RECTICULUM
SMALL ROUND RIBOSOMES
BETWEEN THESE DIFFERENT RETICULUM, 
THERE ARE SMALL ROUND ORGANELS,
CALLED RIBOSOMES, THAT HELP US,TO MAKE,
STRANDS OF PROTEIN,FROM MESSENGER RNA
SMOOTH SURFACED RETICULUM
THE TUBULAR GOLDEN,  
MAKE CONJUGATED PROTEINS,
SMALL HORMONES,PANTOTENATES and  
MANY VITAMINS,THAT ARE USED IN OUR EYES.
 ROUND FOSFOROSOMES
PAIRS OF ROUND FOSFOROSOMES,  
HOVER NEAR TO ,THE MITOCONDRIA,
THAT PROVIDE THEM WITH THE FOSFORON,
THEY USE TO MAKE FOSFATES, FOR OUR RNA  . 
THE LIPIDS MAKING
   ISLES OF GOLGI
ANOTHER GROUP OF ORGANELS,    
ARE CALLED THE ISLES OF GOLGI, OF,
THE GOLGI APPARATUS, ABOVE THE NUCLEUS,
THEY PROVIDE THE ESSENTIAL CELL LIPIDS,
EFA'S, THAT ARE USED IN THE CELL NUCLEUS,
DURING THE PROCESS OF REPRODUCTION,
CALLED MITOSIS, WHEN A STEM CELL MAKES,
A COPY OF ITSELF and A NEW CHILD CELL..
        LYSOSOME
RECYCLE CENTERS
AT OPPOSITE SIDES OF THE CELL,THERE ARE, 
LARGE ORGANELS,CALLED LYSOSOMES,   
THAT CREATE PROTEIN COMPONENT PARTS,
FOR THE CELLS, RETICULUM,USING RECYCLED
BROKEN CELL ORGANEL PARTICLES,WHICH,
HAVE LOST NITRON,OXYON OR FOSFORON.

FOSFORON = FOSFORO =PHOSPHORUS
AS YOU SEE RIGHT,MANY OF THE CELL'S ORGANELS,
ARE USED,TO HELP THE CELL,PRODUCE A NEW CELL,
  DURING,THE PROCESS OF CELL REPRODUCTION,THAT
IS CALLED MITOSIS, WHEN THE CELL EXPANDS and.....
    DIVIDES ITSELF,INTO A FUNCTIONAL,TISSUE CELL,
    and A SIMILAR,SIZED STEM CELL,AS SHOWN ABOVE.
MITOCONDRION
LARGE GREEN ORGANELS, 
CALLED MITO'CONDRIA, SPLIT FOSFORON OFF,
OF THE,FOSFO-PROTEINS,FROM STARCHES,
STARCHY TUBERS and MEAT FATS, SO THAT THEY,
CAN BE USED TO MAKE OUR NUCLEOTIDES.
DISEASE FIGHTING VACUOLES
VACUOLES, ARE ORGANELS THAT ENCLOSE
PLANT PARASITES AND SECRETE DIGESTIVE
ENZYMES, WITHIN THEIR HARD, OUTER SHELL,
THAT IS MADE OF PROTECTIVE ALKALOIDS.
IF YOU NOTICE..THIS INFORMATION ABOUT OUR SKIN CELLS IS DIFFERENT,
THAN THE SCIENTIFIC EXPLANATIONS OF COMPRESSED FLATTENED CELLS
IN YOUR SCHOOL TEXTBOOK or WIKIPEDIA ,CLICK ON THE RED LINK ABOVE
TO LEARN WHY, THEY CONTAIN,MANY FALSE BIOLOGICAL,CELL CONCEPTS.

RELATED COURSES:









 



EACH CELL HAS TWO CENTRIOLES
ONE IS LIKE A MOTHER,THE OTHER,LIKE A FATHER
THE CENTRIOLES..ARE THE BRAINS OF OUR CELLS
BECAUSE,ONE CENTRIOLE, DIRECTS CELL REPRODUCTION,
and THE OTHER, DIRECTS CELL HEALTH, GROWTH AND REPAIR.
THE EXTERIOR OF THE CLUSTERS OF NINE ROUND TUBULES,
OF THE CENTRIOLES, IS COATED WITH A LAYER OF VITAMIN E.
THE CENTRIOLE,THAT CATALYZES CELL REPLICATION,
HAS TUBULES,WITH WALLS MADE OF VITAMIN A-RODOPSIN,
VITAMIN C-ACETATE, VITAMIN C-ASCORBATE and,
TUBULE CORES,MADE OF VITAMIN E-TOCOQUINONE.
THE CENTRIOLE,THAT MONITORS CELL GROWTH ,
HAS TUBULES WITH WALLS MADE OF BIOTIN and CYSTINE,
and CORES MADE OF VITAMIN E-ACETATE and BROMON CLORATE











 


THE NUCLEUS, IS A BALL-LIKE, WALLED ENCLOSURE,
IN THE CENTER OF OUR CELLS, WITH AN OUTER WALL
CALLED, THE NUCLEAR MEMBRANE.
INSIDE THE NUCLEUS, THERE IS A SMALL NUCLEOLUS
WITHIN THE NUCLEOLUS, ARE MANY NUCLEIC ACIDS,
THAT LINK TOGETHER, INTO LONG STRANDS,
CALLED,CHROMATIN, THAT FORM OUR GENES.
THE PROCESS OF CREATION OF OUR CHROMOSOMES,
FROM THESE STRANDS OF CHROMATIN and,
THE MAKING OF THE MESSENGER RNA, mRNA
THAT WE USE TO CREATE PROTEIN,TAKE PLACE,
INSIDE THE NUCLEUS OF EACH OF OUR CELLS.
















 
 




WHEN A CELL HAS REACHED ITS MATURITY,
AND NEEDS TO REPRODUCE ITSELF,
THE CHROMATIN IN THE NUCLEOLUS OF THE NUCLEUS,
CONDENSES INTO 46 SINGLE CHROMOSOME-CHROMATIDS,
THE CENTRIOLES, THEN, TELL THE,
STRIATED RETICULUM  NEAR THE NUCLEUS,
TO SEND, PLATEFORM NUCLEIC ACIDS, INTO THE NUCLEUS,
SO THAT, IT CAN BUILD EXACT COPYS OF THE 46 CHROMATIDS,
ADJACENT TO, EACH OF THE CHROMATIDS, IN THE NUCLEUS,
IN ORDER,TO CREATE, 46 PAIRS OF X and Y CHROMOSOMES.
HERE YOU SEE, PLATE-LIKE, NUCLEIC ACIDS,
LEAVING ONE OF THE STRIATED RETICULUM,
AND ENTERING THE NUCLEUS OF A CELL.












 

ALL THE STAR AZINES,
THAT COMBINE,TO MAKE OUR PROTEIN
ARE MADE.IN OUR LONG TUBULAR,
ROUGH SURFACED
CYTOPLASMIC RETICULUM
WHEN WE EAT PROTEIN,
OUR LIVER,SEPARATES,
THESE STAR AZINES FROM
THE SUGARS,IN OUR BLOOD,
AND THEN,
SENDS THEM TO OUR CELLS,
WHERE THEY ARE STORED IN,
OUR MITOCONDRIA  OR IN THEIR,
ROUGH SURFACED RETICULUM
SMALL ANIMALS HAVE BALL LIKE,ROUGH SURFACED ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM,
IN THEIR ENDOPLASM, NEAR TO THEIR NUCLEI, BUT, HUMANS HAVE LARGER,
SPOKE-LIKE,ROUGH SURFACED,CYTOPLASMIC RETICULUM












 

OUR RIBOSOMES, ARE BEAD LIKE ORGANELES
THAT PERFORM THE ROLE OF TRANSLATING
THE CODED MESSAGE OF MESSENGER-RNA,
INTO MESSAGES,THAT THE TRANSFER RNA,
CAN SENSE AND USE, TO RETRIEVE,THE STORED,,
STAR AZINE,COMPONENTS OF OUR PROTEIN,
FROM OUR ROUGH SURFACED RETICULUM.
THE RIBOOMES HAVE AN ENTRANCE and EXIT PORTAL
WHICH ARE ON OPPOSITE SIDES OF THE RIBOSOME,
FOR THE MESSENGER-RNA,TO ENTER and LEAVE WITH,.
ON THEIR TOP SIDE, THEY HAVE,A LONG GROOVE
THAT IS A LANDING DECK, FOR THE TRANSFER RNA'S
TO DOCK IN, WHERE THE STAR AZINES THEY BRING,
ARE ASSEMBLED INTO PROTEIN STRANDS.

A MESSENGER RNA THAT IS MADE OF
MANY NUCLEIC ACID " NUCLEOTIDES ",
IS SEEN HERE,GOING TO THE OPEN,
ENTRANCE PORTAL OF A RIBOSOME.














 


OUR MANY PAIRS OF
SMOOTH SURFACED RETICULUM
CREATE OUR:
VITAMIN A's
VITAMIN K-2
ROD OPSINS
PANTOTENATES
PROSTA-GLANDINS
CONJUGATED LIPIDS
CALCION RICH VITAMINS
CYANO-COBALAMINE FOSFATE
THE PANTOTENATE LIGANDS,
THAT WE USE TO MAKE ATF, AMF,
ATP, AMP, PQQ AND COENZYME A



A PAIR OF SMOOTH SURFACED RETICULUM
WITH A MITO'CONDRION - MITOCHONDRION
and TWO SMALL ROUND FOSFOROSOMES
















 



THE FOSFATES AND RIBOSE SUGARS,
THAT LINK OUR RNA STRANDS ARE MADE,
IN THESE EGG SHAPED, FOSFOROSOMES.
THEY HAVE TWO ENTRANCE PORTALS,
FOR ATOMS OF FOSFORON (PHOSPHORUS)
TO ENTER ON ONE SIDE AND TWO PORTALS
ON THE OTHER SIDE, FOR FOSFATES TO EXIT,
WHICH HELPS THEM TO MAKE,THE DI-FOSFATES .
WE USE IN OUR HELICAL STRANDS OF RNA and DNA
THEY STORE SUGARS and CONVERT THEM,
TO RIBOSE,ABOVE THEIR CENTRAL
FOSFATE MAKING CHAMBERS.

















 
THE LIPIDS MAKING
   ISLES OF GOLGI
THE ISLES OF GOLGI
ARE ABOVE THE NUCLEUS
AND SECRETE LIPIDS AND
ESSENTIAL OILS DIRECTLY
INTO THE NUCLEUS
 THE ISLES OF GOLGI
 HELP US TO MAKE THE ESSENTIAL,
 CELL MEMBRANE, OMEGA LIPID,efa's
 THAT WE USE, IN ALL OUR CELLS, EVERY DAY.
 THEY SIT, LIKE LIPID FLOWER PETALS,
 ABOVE THE NUCLEUS OF EACH LIVING CELL,
 AND LUBRICATE OUR CELLS WITH LIVING LIPIDS.
 EACH OF THE 20 ISLES OF GOLGI, STORES OR MAKES,
 A DIFFERENT LIPID OR ESSENTIAL OIL FOR OUR CELLS
 IN THEIR MANY, SMALL SAC LIKE CONTAINERS,
CALLED, VESICLES & CISTERNAE,

THE LARGE VESICLES,
AT THE ENDS,CREATE OILS,
THE SMALLER CISTERNAE
IN THE MIDDLE CREATE,
OUR ESSENTAIL LIPIDS

THESE ISLES OF LIPID SYNTHESIS ARE,
HELPED BY A LAYER OF ECTOPLASMIC
RIBONUCLEIC ACID, THAT HOVERS,
BETWEEN THE CELL NUCLEUS AND,
THE ISLES OF GOLGI AND GUIDES,
THEIR CREATION OF CELL MEMBRANE,
LIPIDS,THAT ARE USED BY US DURING, CELL GROWTH and REPRODUCTION












 

LYSOSOMES
DIGEST BROKEN PARTS OF OTHER ORGANELES,
THAT HAVE BEEN DESTROYED BY DISEASE.
THEY HELP US, TO STAY, EVER YOUTHFUL.
EACH OF THE TUBULES,
MANUFACTURES A DIFFERENT ENZYME,
THAT IS USED,TO ASSIMILATE and,
RE-ASSEMBLE,THE BROKEN SECTIONS OF,
LARGE PROTEIN MAKING, AZINES and AZOIDS.
THE LYSOSOMES EIGHT ROUND TUBULES,
HELP TO CREATE OUR ROUND AND STARLIKE
STAR-AZINES AND HORMONAL STEROID AZOIDS.















 


OUR MITO'CONDRIA, PROCESS MANY TYPES OF FOSFATES,
THEREFORE,THEY ARE THOUGHT OF AS ENERGY CENTERS.
HOWEVER, THEY DO NOT CREATE ENERGY, THEY SIMPLY,
CREATE THE FOSFATES, THAT WE USE IN:
  MESSENGER RNA and TRANSFER RNA
  OUR BRAIN'S..PITUITARY and THYROID GLANDS
  THE FOSFO-LIPIDS,IN OUR NUCLEAR MEMBRANES
  THE LIPID SYNTHESIS CENTERS OF THE ISLES OF GOLGI .
RECENT, ELECTRON MICROSCOPE STUDYS, SHOW,
OUR MITO'CONDRIA..HAVE MANY INTERNAL SPACES,
OFTEN CALLED, CRISTAE FOSFATE STORAGE VESICLES,
WITHIN ITS THIN,TRANSPARENT,GREEN MEMBRANE.
THE LONG MITO'CONDRION, IS SHOWN HERE, WITH,
TWO SMALL PLASMA RIBOSOMES,FOSFOROSOMES,
THAT USE,THE FOSFATES, FROM THE MITO'CONDRION,
TO MAKE DI-FOSFATES FOR OUR DNA and RNA














 


WHAT ARE VACUOLES ?
WHEN WE ARE BORN,
WITHOUT CONGENTIAL DISEASES,
THERE ARE NO VACUOLES IN OUR CELLS.
IF WE INGEST,VEGETABLES  WITH PARASITES,
THAT OUR PANCREAS,IS NOT ABLE TO DISSOLVE,
OUR SPLEEN SENSES THE PARASITES,
IN OUR DESCENDING COLON AND THEN,
 
A DEFENDER VACUOLE,
IN FRONT OF  ONE OF A,
CELL'S, FOOD PORTALS
IN THE CELL MEMBRANE
A DEFENDER VACUOLE
THAT DISSOLVES PARASITES
IT SENDS GRANULAR LEUKOCYTES, TO OUR HEART CELLS,
IN ORDER,TO HELP IT CREATE,THESE ANTI-PARASITE VACUOLES,
WHICH OFTEN ARE REFERRED TO AS, DEFENDER VACUOLES,
BECAUSE,THEY HELP TO PROTECT US,FROM THOSE DISEASES,
IN THE FARM SOILS OF THE COUNTRY,WHERE WE ARE LIVING.















 
    A CELL COMPRESSED OUT OF ITS NORMAL ROUND SHAPE
    WHEN IT WAS PLACED,BETWEEN TWO GLASS PLATES.
    NOTE, HOW THE FLOWER PETAL LIKE, ISLES OF GOLGI,
    WERE PUSHED TO THE SIDE OF THE NUCLEUS,
    WHEN THIS ORGAN TISSUE CELL, WAS MADE VERY FLAT.
WHEN SCIENTISTS,WANT TO LOOK,
INSIDE A CELL,WITH A MICROSOPE,
THEY MUST FIRST, CUT IT IN HALF,
AND THEN FLATTEN IT,
BETWEEN TWO PLATES OF GLASS.
THIS CAUSES, ALL THE LONG RETICULUM,
INSIDE THE CELL, TO STICK TOGETHER,
AND ALSO BREAKS,
ALL THE INTERNAL MEMBRANES,
THAT SEPARATE THE INNER CRISTAE SPACES,
IN THE MITOCHONDRIA,THAT PROCESS OUR FOSFATES.
IT ALSO DESTROYS THE INNER CHAMBERS OF ALL OUR
OTHER ORGANELES AND PUSHES TH ISLES OF GOLGI ,
OFF OF THE TOP OF THE NUCLEUS, AS IT IS FLATTENED.
IF YOU STUDY THE MICRO-FOTOS OF DR.FRED SANGER
ON THE WEB PAGES OF THAT NOBEL PRIZE WINNER'S
SCIENCE CENTER IN THE U.K. YOU WILL SEE THAT ALL,
OUR CELLS ARE ROUND,EGG SHAPED OR TUBULAR.