INTERPHASE MUSCLE CELL

WHEN OUR BODY,  WANTS TO GROW, NEW MUSCLE CELLS,
VERY SMALL..SEED CELLS, LEAVE THEIR SEED CELL PODS,
IN THE NERVE TO MUSCLE END PLATES OF ITS  MUSCLE CELLS,
and FLOW, IN OUR LYMPHIC FLUIDS AROUND THE MUSCLE CELLS..

THOSE "GERMINAL" SEED CELLS, THEN ABSORB GLUCOSE
FROM,THE MUSCLE CELLS and SLOWLY GROW, INTO SMALL ,
MUSCLE GROWTH CELLS,CALLED, MUSCLE GROWTH- STEM CELLS.
       IN EACH MUSCLE GROWTH, STEM CELL,
       THERE IS A CENTRAL NUCLEUS WITH
       A SMALL DENSE MASS  AT EACH END,
INTERPHASE MUSCLE CELL

EACH DENSE MASS IS CALLED A NUCLEOLUS, BOTH OF THEM,
CONTAIN, THE NUCLEOLI FIBRYLS, THAT ARE OUR GENES.

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    PROPHASE MUSCLE CELL
          THE GENE FIBRYLS, IN THE NUCLEOLI, BEGIN TO JOIN, WITH THE RIBOSE SUGARS,
          IN THE NUCLEAR ENDOPLASM, TO MAKE LONG STRANDS OF NUCLEOSIDES,
    PRO DNA PHASE MUSCLE CELL
       THIS CAUSES, THE NUCLEOLI, TO EXPAND, INTO THE LAYER OF FOSFATES,
       THAT SURROUND THEM, IN THE NUCLEAR ECTOPLASM.  WHEREUPON,
       THE STRANDS OF NUCLEOSIDES, BEGIN TO BOND, WITH THE FOSFATES,
       TO MAKE THE LONG STRANDS OF NUCLEO-TIDES, THAT THEN, FORM INTO,
       THE SINGLE STRANDS OF DNA, THAT ARE CALLED, CHROMATIN.


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  PRO META PHASE MUSCLE CELL
             THE STRANDS OF DNA-CHROMATIN,BEGIN TO COIL UP, ONE INSIDE THE OTHER,
             TO MAKE COILS OF CHROMATIDS,THAT THEN REPRODUCE THEMSELVES,TO MAKE
             THE 46 PAIRS OF COILED CHROMATIDS,WHICH FROM OUR CHROMOSOMES.
             2 CHROMATINS = 1 CHROMATID                   2 CHROMATIDS = 1 CHROMOSOME

  ANA PHASE MUSCLE CELL
          THEN THE NUCLEUS OF THE MUSCLE STEM CELL,DIVIDES IN TWO.
  THE 46 PAIRS OF CHROMOSOMES,ALSO EACH DIVIDE IN HALF,INTO,
                  TWO SEPARATE CHROMATIDS-HALF CHROMOSOMES,THAT THEN,
  MOVE TO THE OPPOSITE ENDS OF THE DIVIDING NUCLEUS.

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  TWO CHILD MUSCLE CELLS
                          THE MUSCLE GROIWTH STEM CELLS..
THEN DIVIDE THEMSELVES, INTO TWO DIFFERENT CELLS,
         A SMALL MUSCLE CELL,THAT WILL GROW INTO A LARGER
         FULLY FUNCTIONAL NEW LONG MUSCLE CELL and,
 A SMALL,FUTURE MUSCLE GROWTH STEM CELL .
        EACH CELL HAS A NUCLEUS and 46 SINGLE CHROMATIDS,
        THAT ARE MADE OF PAIRED COILED DNA STRANDS
        BEFORE,THE SMALL MUSCLE CELL,
        BEGINS TO GROW, INTO A FUNCTIONAL,
        LONG MUSCLE CELL, WITH MYOFIBRILS,
        SARCOPLASM AND MUSCLE END PLATES,
1.NERVE AXON
2.MOTOR NERVE END PLATE
3.MUSCLE FIBER SARCOPLASM
4.ACTIN & MYOSIN OF LONG MUSCLE

           IT MUST CREATE,
   THOUSANDS OF STRANDS OF PROTEIN,
   WITH THE PEPTAMINES and HORMONES,
   THAT GIVE,OUR MUSCLE CELLS,THE ABILITY,
   TO CONTRACT and TO EXPAND.IN ORDER,
   TO DO THIS, IT WILL NEED THE HELP OF RNA.







 
 HOW RNA...HELPS TO MAKE....OUR MUSCLE CELLS GROW
NUCLEIC ACIDS AND RIBOSE FOSFATES ENCIRCLE
THE GENE SECTIONS DURING THE RNA TRANSCRPTION
RNA COILS AROUND
ONE GENE SECTION
OF A CHROMOSOME.
AS SOON AS THE PARENT CELL 
DIVIDES, INTO TWO CELLS,
THE RNA PROMOTOR ENZYME,
AT THE TIP OF EACH CHROMOSOME,
BEGINS THE WORK OF MAKING RNA,
THE RIBONUCLEIC ACID STRANDS,
THAT CARRY THE GENETIC MEMORY
OF THE FORMULATION OF PROTEINS
THAT  WE NEED,TO OUR RIBOSOMES.
EACH GENE,IS THE GENETIC CODE FOR ONLY ONE PROTEIN.
THE CODE IS MADE OF RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN ADJACENT
NUCLEIC ACIDS, IN THE COILED DNA OF THE CHROMOSOME,
A TYPICAL GENE SECTION IS ONLY, 1-2 COILS OF DNA LONG.
AFTER THE NUCLEIC ACIDS, ALIGN THEMSELVES,
WITH THE SPECIFIC NUCLEIC ACIDS, IN A GENE SECTION,
OF A CHROMOSOME, THEN, ADJACENT RIBOSE FOSFATES,
BIND THEM TOGETHER, INTO A COILED STRAND OF RNA AND,
THEY UNWIND, FROM THE CHROMOSOME, AS SHOWN LEFT.




























.



 
HOW  RNA IS CREATED.......IN OUR CELL NUCLEUS























 IN THE DRAWING LEFT,
 WE SEE HOW, RNA FORMS,
 AROUND THE COILS OF DNA  and
 HOW URACIL,SUBSITUTES FOR THYMINE,
 THE DNA COMPLEMENT OF ADENINE.
 DR.FRANKLIN,WATSON and CRICK'S TEACHER,
 WHILE WORKING WITH NUCLEOSIDES FROM
 DR.SANGER,DISCOVERED IN 1958, CYTOSINE
and GUANINE HAVE SIMILAR ACID PH's and
THAT ADENINE,THYMINE and URACIL HAVE,
SIMILAR, BUT, MORE ALKALINE PH's
 SHE and DR.SANGER ALSO DISCOVERED,
 THYMINE,BECAUSE IT HAS PAIRED METHYLS
 AROUND ITS PERIMETER, HAS TOO STRONG,
 AN ELECTRONIC FORCE, AROUND ITS
 PERIMETER,TO ALLOW IT TO BOND INTO,
 THE COIL OF RIBONUCLEIC ACID.
 WHICH IS WHY,
 URACIL,COMPLEMENTS ADENINE
 IN COILED STRANDS OF RIBONUCLEIC ACID.













 
HOW OUR BODY MAKES THE NUCLEIC ACID..URACIL...FOR OUR RNA

   THE URACIL,USED IN OUR RNA
   IS MADE IN THE RENAL CORTEX,
   OF OUR KIDNEYS, BUT ONLY,
   WHEN OUR KIDNEYS
   HAVE SUFFICIENT WATER,
   TO DISSOLVE,ITS URIC ACID,
   and CONVERT, IT INTO URACIL,
   NEEDED TO MAKE OUR RNA.
  IF WE HAVE USED, ALL THE WATER MOLECULES,
   IN OUR BLOOD,TO DISSOLVE,
   OUR KIDNEY, URIC ACID CRYSTALS, OUR LIPS,
   WILL FEEL DRY AND OUR EYES TIRED.
   WE THEN, MUST DRINK, PURE WATER,
   OR SPECIAL URIC ACID DISSOLVING BEVERAGES,
   SUCH AS, LEMON SODAS OR PINA-COLADAS,
   WHICH CONTAIN, THE PLATE FORM OF URACIL,
   THAT YOUR LIVER, CAN SEND TO YOUR KIDNEYS,
   WHERE IT IS STORED, IN YOUR RENAL CORTEX,
   OR COMBINED WITH SIMPLE FOSFATES,
   IN YOUR DISTAL CONVOLUTED TUBULES,
   AND THEN, SENT TO YOUR NEW MUSCLE CELLS,
   TO MAKE NEW STRANDS OF RNA.
   WHICH HELP YOU,TO RUN BETTER,
   WHEN YOU ARE TIRED OR COLD.    


















 
MAKING PROTEIN FOR OUR MUSCLE CELLS..........FROM RNA TO MESSENGER RNA

 
THE THIN, DISC LIKE, PLATEFORM, NUCLEIC ACIDS,
OF OUR RNA, EACH LOCATE THEMSELVES, NEXT TO,
A COMPLIMENTARY NUCLEIC ACID OF THE COILED DNA.
THREE STRANDS OF RIBOSE FOSFATES,THEN JOIN,
THE NUCLEIC ACIDS INTO ONE LONG STRAND OF DNA.















 
FROM RIBONUCLEIC ACID RNA.....TO MESSENGER RNA


IN EACH CELL NUCLEUS,
THERE IS A THICK LAYER OF,
THE SUGAR ERYTHRULOSE,
IN THE NUCLEAR ECTOPLASM,
WHEN THE STRANDS OF RNA,
PASS THRU,THAT LAYER,
ITS RIBOSE FOSFATES,
SPLIT INTO,THE MEMBRANE
REINFORCING,OMEGA 6 LIPIDS,
VALENE and VALERENE.
THAT THEN, COMBINE WITH,
HALF THE FOSFATES TO MAKE,
MANY NEW FOSFO-LIPIDS,
THAT HELP, THE CELL'S
OUTER MEMBRANE,TO EXPAND
AS THE CELL GROWS.
AND THE REMAINING FOSFATES,
BIND TO THE NUCLEIC ACIDS
OF THE RNA TO MAKE M-RNA.


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IN THIS ILLUSTRATION,
WE SEE THE MESSENGER RNA,
LEAVING THE NUCLEUS OF THE CELL,
AND ENTERING INTO THE ENDOPLASM OF THE CELL,
AMIDST A MIXTURE OF FLOATING NUCLEIC ACIDS.
WE SEE ALSO, HOW THE SUGAR ERYTHRULOSE,
REDUCED THE LONG STRANDS OF RIBOSE FOSFATES
THAT ONCE SEPARATED THE NUCLEIC ACIDS,IN RNA,
INTO SMALLER MORE COMPACT FOSFATES,
WITH ONLY TWO OCSION IONS and ONE FOSFORON ION.
THE OCSION ATOMS, BOND TO THE NUCLEIC ACIDS,
AND THE FOSFORON ATOMS,BOND BETWEEN THEM,
THEREBY CREATING,
A MULTI-LAYERED M-RNA, POLYMER MOLECULE,
MADE OF ALTERNATING, NUCLEIC ACIDS and FOSFATES.



















 



THE MESSENGER-RNA ,
THEN TRAVELS TOWARD,
THE RING OF BEAD-LIKE RIBOSOMES,
THAT ENCIRCLE THE NUCLEUS OF THE CELL.
TO THE ENTRANCE PORTAL,IN ONE OF THE RIBOSOMES,
WHERE IT WILL HELP FORM,THE STRANDS OF PROTEIN,
THAT ARE NEEDED BY THE CELL,TO GROW,
FIRST, ITS OUTER CELL MEMBRANE,
THEN TO EXPAND, ITS CELL NUCLEUS,
AND THEN TO GROW,THE LIPID MAKING, ISLES OF GOLGI,
THAT HELP TO MAKE THE LONG LIPID MOLECULES,
WHICH EACH, MUSCLE CELL USES,
TO ATTACH ITSELF,TO THE NEXT MUSCLE CELL,
SO OUR MUSCLES, CAN HELP US WALK,SWIM and RUN.



     ON THE NEXT PAGE WE STUDY..


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  RNA TRANSCRIPTION
THE PROCESS OF CONSTRUCTION OF AN RNA MOLECULE
FROM A GENE SECTION OF DNA, IN A CHROMOSOME,
THAT USES THE COILED STRAND OF DNA, AS A TEMPLATE,
FOR THE CREATION OF A SECTION OF CODED RNA, THAT WILL HELP,
THE CELL'S RIBOSOMES, TO CREATE, NEW STRANDS OF PROTEIN


























 



     MUSCLE GROWTH STEM CELLS

   THOSE CELLS IN OUR ORGANS,THAT CREATE NEW CELLS,
   and THAT ARE NEAR TO THE ORGANS,MAIN PORTAL ARTERY,
   ARE CALLED THE ORGAN'S..STEM CELLS.  
   MUSCLES HAVE THOSE STEM CELLS,THAT GROW NEW CELLS,
   NEAR TO THE NERVE CENTERS and BLOOD and LYMPH SUPPLIES,
   THAT FEED EACH MUSCLE CELL,WITH ENERGY and NUTRIENTS.
   A MUSCLE CELL,STEM CELL,IN ITS DORMANT STATE,
   IS MUCH SMALLER THAN A GROWING MUSCLE STEM CELL,
   WHICH IS WHY THEY ARE CALLED,GROWTH SEED CELLS.






























 





GENES

A SECTION OF LONG NUCLEOLUS FIBRYLS, CHROMATIN, OR CHROMOSOMES,
THAT HAS THE GENETIC CODE, FOR THE CREATION OF ONE STRAND OF PROTEIN,